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Number Of Pages: 234
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50 bài đọc
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những từ sử dụng thường xuyên trong bài đọc
hướng dẫn đọc và dịch báo chí anh việt
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bài đọc hiểu Learning Express
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luyện dịch anh việt
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những bài kỹ năng luyện đọc
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kỹ năng đọc và sửa lỗi
các bài đọc từ năm 1999 đến 2000
download => Read_1995_2000.zip
đọc thì tốt hơn nhớ
download => Read_Better_Remember_More_2e.zip
bài đọc 4
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đọc từ dòng
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luyện kỹ năng đọc nhanh
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luyện kỹ năng đọc trên web
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bài đọc TOEFL
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Tài liệu TOEIC khá hiếm, bạn thường phải đặt hàng, Toeic Matery là phần mềm khá thông dụng, dùng rất được (72Mb):
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ban tải xuống, files mà lỗi thì repair hoặc down lại nhé;
đã có serial trong đó..
Nêu không thích serial thì cài đặt, giải nén, khi đòi lience thì "cancel", rồi copy file TCM.exe vào thư mục cài đặt.
But I also want to be recognized as the guy who got Steve Ballmer to drop out of business school. I’m a bad influence. That’s why I was invited to speak at your graduation. If I had spoken at your orientation, fewer of you might be here today.
President Bok, former President Rudenstine, incoming President Faust, members of the Harvard Corporation and the Board of Overseers, members of the faculty, parents, and especially, the graduates:
I’ve been waiting more than 30 years to say this: “Dad, I always told you I’d come back and get my degree.”
I want to thank Harvard for this timely honor. I’ll be changing my job next year … and it will be nice to finally have a college degree on my resume.
I applaud the graduates today for taking a much more direct route to your degrees. For my part, I’m just happy that the Crimson has called me “Harvard’s most successful dropout.” I guess that makes me valedictorian of my own special class … I did the best of everyone who failed.
Harvard was just a phenomenal experience for me. Academic life was fascinating. I used to sit in on lots of classes I hadn’t even signed up for. And dorm life was terrific. I lived up at Radcliffe, in Currier House. There were always lots of people in my dorm room late at night discussing things, because everyone knew I didn’t worry about getting up in the morning. That’s how I came to be the leader of the anti-social group. We clung to each other as a way of validating our rejection of all those social people.
Radcliffe was a great place to live. There were more women up there, and most of the guys were science-math types. That combination offered me the best odds, if you know what I mean. This is where I learned the sad lesson that improving your odds doesn’t guarantee success.
One of my biggest memories of Harvard came in January 1975, when I made a call from Currier House to a company in Albuquerque that had begun making the world’s first personal computers. I offered to sell them software.
I worried that they would realize I was just a student in a dorm and hang up on me. Instead they said: “We’re not quite ready, come see us in a month,” which was a good thing, because we hadn’t written the software yet. From that moment, I worked day and night on this little extra credit project that marked the end of my college education and the beginning of a remarkable journey with Microsoft.
What I remember above all about Harvard was being in the midst of so much energy and intelligence. It could be exhilarating, intimidating, sometimes even discouraging, but always challenging. It was an amazing privilege – and though I left early, I was transformed by my years at Harvard, the friendships I made, and the ideas I worked on.
But taking a serious look back … I do have one big regret.
I left Harvard with no real awareness of the awful inequities in the world – the appalling disparities of health, and wealth, and opportunity that condemn millions of people to lives of despair.
I learned a lot here at Harvard about new ideas in economics and politics. I got great exposure to the advances being made in the sciences.
But humanity’s greatest advances are not in its discoveries – but in how those discoveries are applied to reduce inequity. Whether through democracy, strong public education, quality health care, or broad economic opportunity – reducing inequity is the highest human achievement.
I left campus knowing little about the millions of young people cheated out of educational opportunities here in this country. And I knew nothing about the millions of people living in unspeakable poverty and disease in developing countries.
It took me decades to find out.
achievement: n. thành công/ thành tựu
WORDS AND PHRASES
advance: n. tiến bộ
appalling: adj. đáng sợ, khủng khiếp
apply: v. ứng dụng
awareness: n. nhận thức
campus: n. khuôn viên một trường đại học
cheat: v. lừa
condemn: v. khiến
decade: thập niên/ 10 năm
degree: n. bằng/ tấm bằng
democracy: n. nền dân chủ
despair: n. tuyệt vọng
disparity: n. sự chênh lệch/ khác biệt lớn
dorm: n. (dormitory) ký túc xá sinh viên
dropout: n. học sinh/ sinh viên bỏ học
exhilarating: adj. thái quá/ quá đáng
exposure: n. tiếp xúc/ chứng kiến tận mắt
graduate: n. sinh viên mới tốt nghiệp ĐH-CĐ
graduation: n. lễ tốt nghiệp
guarantee: v. bảo đảm
honor: n. vinh dự
human: adj. của loài người
inequity: n. bất công
intimidating: adj. gớm guốc/ đáng sợ
odds: n. cách biệt
orientation: n. hướng dẫn tân sinh viên
overseer: n. người thanh tra/ giám sát
phenomenal: n. khác thường/ phi thường
poverty: n. nghèo đói
privilege: n. đặc quyền/ đặc lợi
project: dự án
regret: n. sự hối tiếc
rejection: n. chối bỏ/ ruồng bỏ
resume: n. lý lịch
route: n. con đường
transform: v. làm biến đổi
valedictorian: sinh viên xuất sắc nhất (thường được đại diện đọc diễn văn ra trường trong lễ tốt nghiệp)
validate: v. biện hộ
Online dating may be mainstream by now, but a recent California court decision contains yet another cautionary tale for anyone inclined to be overly trusting of Internet matchups.
The lesson for daters: If your inaugural encounter with an online paramour begins with a request for money and accolades for your laptop, move on. The lesson for thieves: If you steal your Net paramour's laptop, under California's three-strikes law you could be facing life in prison.
Earlier this week, a state appeals court in Los Angeles upheld a guilty verdict against a man named Ronnie Henning. According to court papers, he burglarized the apartment of a woman he met through an Internet personals site, made off with her laptop and certain accessories, and promptly sold them to a pawn shop for $250--but not before wiping her hard drive and changing the administrator's username to one identical to his online dating alias.
The court didn't take kindly to the reported repeat offender, who had been previously charged with felonies summarized as involving "moral turpitude." Henning now potentially faces 31 years to life in prison, thanks to a so-called Three Strikes law, which requires lengthier punishments to convicts with three or more prior felony convictions under their belts.
The episode that prompted the conviction dates back to February 2005, according to the court documents, when Rachel Daniels agreed to give Henning her mobile phone number and to meet him in person after they connected through an unnamed online dating site.
Henning went on to call Daniels at around 9:30 one night, tell her his truck had broken down, and request that she pick him up. Daniels obliged, and upon meeting her, Henning asked if he could borrow $70 to buy a truck part from a friend. Daniels realized she'd forgotten her wallet, so she drove both of them back to her house to retrieve it. There, she received what was arguably her first omen: Henning "commented favorably" on a laptop perched on the arm of her sofa, the court opinion said.
Daniels proceeded to drive Henning to the friend's house in purported quest of the auto part. But when he emerged with only a paper bag and asked her to drive him to another friend's house to get the "complete" part, she started to feel uneasy and drove him home, according to the court records. Still feeling apprehensive alone that night in her abode, she opted to stay at a friend's place.
Prompted by a call from her landlord the next morning, Daniels returned to her apartment to find that the door frame had been shattered, the door kicked in, and her laptop, modem and phone cord apparently stolen. A few weeks later, police informed her they had found a computer with her serial number at a pawn shop. Her files had been deleted, and the administrator's name had been set to "Baby Come Close"--Henning's username on the online dating sites.
According to court papers, it wasn't an isolated incident. At trial, another woman who had met Henning through the same site (and same username) a year earlier testified that he had stolen her car one night while she was asleep and given it up as "collateral" for gambling losses. (She ultimately recovered her vehicle; there were no charges against Henning in that episode.)
WORDS AND PHRASES
abode: n. nơi ở
accessories: n. phụ kiện
appeals court: n. tòa án phúc thẩm
apprehensive: adj. sợ hãi
burglarize: v. ăn trộm
cautionary: adj. cảnh báo/ cảnh tỉnh
charge: n. tội danh
collateral: adj. "gán nợ" (ký quỹ, thế chấp)
conviction: n. vi phạm/ phạm tội
date: v. hẹn hò (nam nữ)
dating: n. sự hẹn hò, dịch vụ mai mối
door frame: np. khung cửa
felony: n. tội, tiền án
guilty verdict: n. phán quyết (bị can) có tội
identical: adj. giống hệt
inaugural encounter: np. lần gặp mặt đầu tiên
inclined to: adj. có xu hướng, thường hay
isolated: adj. bị cô lập
mainstream: n. chính, chủ yếu
moral turpitude: np. thói xấu
oblidge: v. bắt buộc
offender: n. người vi phạm
online dating alias: np. bí danh hò hẹn trên mạng (comp. nick)
opt to: pv. muốn
paramour: n. tình nhân
pawn shop: n. hiệu cầm đồ
perch: v. đặt (chênh vênh)
pick up: pv. đón (ai)
proceed: v. tiến hành
purported quest: np. ý định tìm kiếm
retrieve: v. lấy lại
shatter: v. đập vỡ/ phá vỡ
Three-Strikes law: n. luật quá tam ba bận
trial: n. xét xử
wallet: n. ví tiền
wipe: v. xóa sạch
China has sentenced the former head of the State Food and Drug Administration to death after he was convicted of corruption, state media has reported.
Zheng Xiaoyu was convicted on charges of taking bribes and of dereliction of duty, Xinhua news agency reported.
The sentence is unusually harsh for a senior figure, but Zheng could have his sentence reduced to life on appeal.
The verdict came as the government announced plans for the first ever recall system of unsafe food products.
Beijing has been under pressure to act over increasing concern both at home and abroad about the poor standards of Chinese-produced food and medicines.
State television showed footage of a grey-haired Zheng - who was expelled from the Communist Party earlier this year - appearing in court in Beijing flanked by police officers.
He had been accused by an official investigation last month of accepting more than 6.5m yuan ($850,000) in bribes to approve hundreds of drugs.
One company, Kongliyuan Group, allegedly paid Zheng bribes in return for approving 277 drugs, mostly antibiotics.
Zheng's former secretary, Cao Wenzhuang, also faced trial, accused of accepting bribes.
Thirty-one other people were also alleged to have been involved in the scandal, including Zheng's wife, Liu Naixue, and his son, Zheng Hairong.
Following Zheng's sacking in 2005, the Chinese government announced a review of about 170,000 medical licences that were awarded during his tenure at the agency.
Dozens of people have died in China because of poor quality or fake drugs.
Last year, a sub-standard antibiotic, Xinfu, which was not properly sterilised, caused the deaths of 11 people.
Thirteen babies died of malnutrition in 2005 after being fed powdered milk that contained no nutritional value.
The Chinese government recently announced an urgent review of industry food standards after public alarm over a recent spate of cases.
US inspectors blamed exported Chinese pet food ingredients, contaminated with melamine, for the deaths of cats and dogs in North America.
And they recently halted shipments of toothpaste from China to investigate reports that they may be contaminated with toxic chemicals.
On Tuesday, as Zheng was sentenced, the government said a new recall process targeting "potentially dangerous and unapproved food products" would be brought in by the end of the year.
"All domestic and foreign food producers and distributors will be obliged to follow the system," Wu Jianping, of the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine, was quoted as saying.
WORDS AND PHRASES
administration: n. quản lý
allegedly: adv. được cho rằng
antibiotics: n. thuốc kháng sinh
appeal: n. kháng án
bribe: n. hối lộ
charge: n. tội danh
concern: n. lo lắng, quan ngại
contaminate: v. nhiễm bẩn, nhiểm độc
convict: v. phạm tội
corruption: n. tham nhũng
dereliction (of duty): n. thiếu trách nhiệm, không làm tròn bổn phận
expel: v. khai trừ
fake: adj. giả
figure: n. nhân vật
flank: v. vây quanh, chắn xung quanh
footage: n. phóng sự nhỏ
halt: v. ngừng, dừng
harsh: adj. khắc nghiệt, nặng
ingredients: n. thành phần
malnutrition: n. (tình trạng) suy dinh dưỡng
melamine: n. chất mê-la-min (C3H6N6)
nutritional: adj. (thuộc) dinh dưỡng
be obliged: buộc phải, có trách nhiệm phải
poison: v. làm độc, làm vấy bẩn
quarantine: n. kiểm dịch, cách ly
recall: n. thu hồi (sản phẩm hỏng)
sacking: n. sa thải, đuổi việc
scandal: n. bê bối, xì-căng-đan
sentence: v. kết án
spate (of cases): n. mật độ (sự việc xảy ra)
sterilise: v. làm tiệt trùng, khử trùng
tenure: n. nhiệm kỳ, thời gian phục vụ
trial: n. xét xử
verdict: n. phán quyết
A major rescue operation was launched off the Irish coast on Thursday after 110 children were swept out to sea.
About 20 people were reported missing shortly afterwards, though Ireland's coastguard later said everyone had been rescued safely.
The children were taking part in a junior sailing regatta off the County Dublin coast, when a sudden squall capsized 91 boats in the Irish Sea.
Lifeboats, helicopters and the navy were all deployed in the rescue effort.
"Suddenly the wind blew up and visibility dropped and we had to get the kids out," said Paula O'Connor, an administrator with the Royal St George Yacht Club in Dun Laoghaire, where the event took place.
"They are all accounted for," a coastguard official said.
"Emergency services are on the scene and were treating the children who were taken from the water and were extremely cold."
Dozens of boats were upturned by the freak gusts
Nobody suffered serious injuries, officials said.
The sudden gust of wind took young sailors by surprise as they took part in the Irish National Yacht Club event.
The competitors were all children under 16, a coastguard spokesman said.
They were understood to have been sailing dinghies for various yacht clubs when they were hit by the squall at about 1400 local time (1300 GMT).
They were all wearing buoyancy aids and were rescued within a mile of the coastline.
WORDS AND PHRASES
rescue: v. cấp cứu
lanch: v. phát động, tiến hành
sweep: (swept) v. quét
coastguard: n. người/ lực lượng bảo vệ bờ biển
junior: adj. nhỏ
regatta: n. cuộc đua thuyền
squall: n. cơn lốc
capsize: v. làm lật úp, lật ngược
blow up: pv. thổi mạnh, (gió) giật
visibility: n. tầm nhìn
yacht: n. thuyền (buồm) lớn
account for: v. quan tâm chăm sóc
official: n. quan chức
emergency services: np. các dịch vụ khẩn cấp (cứu nạn, cứu hộ, v.v...)
gust: n. gió giật
freak: bất thường, kinh khủng
suffer: v. gánh chịu, bị
take someone by surprise: làm ai ngạc nhiên
competitor: n. tay đua
GMT: abbr. Greenwich Mean Time: múi giờ quốc tế (tính tại đài thiên văn Greenich, London, Anh Quốc)
dingy: thuyền nhỏ
buoyancy aids: phao các loại
coastline: bờ biển
By Lesley Wroughton
International Monetary Fund Managing Director Rodrigo Rato, in a surprise announcement, said on Thursday he would step down in October for personal reasons, cutting his tenure short by two years.
Rato, who took over at the fund on June 7, 2004, said he would depart after the IMF's fall meetings in October.
"I have taken this decision for personal reasons," Rato said in a statement, shortly after informing the IMF board.
"My family circumstances and responsibilities, particularly with regard to the education of my children, are the reason for relinquishing earlier than expected my responsibilities at the fund," he added.
Rato, a former Spanish finance minister under then Prime Minister Jose Maria Aznar, is estranged from his wife and has three children who live in Madrid. He often stops over in Spain on his IMF travels to see them.
Rato's regular visits home have prompted speculation that he was still interested in political office after being passed over to succeed Aznar as the leader of Spain's conservative Popular Party, which was unexpectedly defeated at the polls in March 2004.
"Everyone would welcome him with open arms," Popular Party Communications Secretary Gabriel Elorriaga said.
But Spanish news agency Europa Press, quoting sources close to Rato, said he would not return to Spanish politics and planned to join a private company in Spain.
Still, his resignation notice comes as Spain prepares for a March 2008 general election, which is likely to be a closely contested poll.
Rato's departure from the IMF comes in the middle of the biggest shake-up in the institution in a generation, amid debate over whether the IMF's relevance and an outdated membership voting structure that ignores the rise of economic powers in Asia, Latin America and elsewhere.
Rato's legacy as IMF chief will be the reforms he launched in September 2004 that seek to modernize the 62-year-old institution and give developing nations a greater say in the way it is run after years of dominance by Europe and the United States.
Without the reforms, many fear the IMF would not be able to wield the influence it needs to police the global economy at a time when fewer countries are seeking its emergency loans and governments often ignore its policy advice.
In his statement on Thursday, Rato said he was determined to make progress on the reforms in the coming months, including reaching consensus among members on a second round of changes to increase the IMF voting power of developing countries.
"I hope that my departure can provide an incentive for all of us to work together constructively and effectively with the membership over the next few months to try and accelerate the time table in these areas and ensure that we make significant progress by the time of the annual meetings," Rato said.
WORDS AND PHRASES
accelerate: v. tăng tốc
amid: prep. giữa
annual: adj. hàng năm/ thường niên
circumstances: n. tình cảnh/ tình huống
consensus: n. sự nhất trí/ đồng thuận
closely contested poll: cuộc bầu cử cạnh tranh gay gắt (giữa các ứng cử viên)
dominance: n. sự chế ngự/ thống trị
emergency loans: n. các khoản vay khẩn cấp
estrange: v. làm cho xa cách
ignore: v. phớt lờ/ xem thường
incentive: n. sự khích lệ/ khuyến khích
institution: n. tổ chức (ở đây chỉ IMF)
institutional: adj. thể chế
legacy: n. hậu công việc/ cái để lại
make progress: v. có tiến bộ/ tiến bộ
outdated: adj. lỗi thời
particularly: adv. đặc biệt
poll: n. cuộc bỏ phiếu/ lá phiếu
prompt: v. thúc đẩy
quote: v. trích dẫn
relevance: n. sự phù hợp
relinquish: v. rút lui/ từ bỏ
resignation notice: thông báo từ chức
say: n. tiếng nói
shake-up: n. cải tổ (lại cơ cấu tổ chức)
surprise announcement: n. tuyên bố/ thông báo bất ngờ (làm mọi người ngạc nhiên)
sources: các nguồn tin
speculation: n. tính toán/ phỏng đoán
statement: tuyên bố
tenure: n. nhiệm kỳ
take over: pv. tiếp quản
wield: v. có được/ giành được
Japan's defence minister has apologised for saying the US atom bomb attacks in World War II were inevitable.
Fumio Kyuma's comments had outraged bomb survivors and sparked calls from opposition parties for his dismissal.
The minister said he was sorry if he had given the impression he lacked respect for the victims of the bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Speaking in Nagasaki, where he is from, Mr Kyuma promised not to make such remarks in the future.
He had said in a speech at a university that the bombing appeared to be "something that couldn't be helped".The US, he added, must have thought the bombs "could prompt Japan's surrender, thus preventing the Soviet Union from declaring war against Japan".
Japanese leaders rarely comment on the use of the atom bomb against Japan for fear of damaging ties with the US.
In a television debate, opposition politicians condemned Mr Kyuma's speech.
"As victims of atomic bombs, we never justify nuclear weapons no matter what the conditions are," said Takeaki Matsumoto, a senior MP in the Democratic Party.
Another MP, Tomoko Abe of the Social Democratic Party, said that Mr Kyuma was not fit to be defence minister and should resign.
The bombs which hit Nagasaki and Hiroshima, in a US bid to force Japan to surrender in 1945, killed about 240,000 people.
The row comes ahead of upper house elections on 29 July in which the ruling party faces dwindling public support.
WORDS AND PHRASES
apologise: v. xin lỗi
attack: n. tấn công
bid: n. nỗ lực
condemn: v. lên án
debate: n. tranh luận
dismissal: n. sự cách chức
dwindling: adj. thu hẹp/ thu nhỏ
impression: n. ấn tượng
inevitable: adj. không thể tránh khỏi
justify: v. chấp nhận
no matter what: pp. cho dù (gì) đi nữa
opposition party: đảng đối lập
outrage: v. làm phẫn nộ/ làm sửng sốt
remark: n. lời nhận xét
resign: v. từ chức
row: n. tranh cãi
senior: adj. cao cấp, lão thành
spark: v. làm nảy sinh/ gây ra
surrender: v. đầu hàng
survivor: n. người sống sót
ties: n. các mối quan hệ
upper house: n. thượng nghị viện
The first test-tube baby created from an egg matured in the laboratory and then frozen has been born in Canada, in a breakthrough offering hope to women with cancer and others unsuited to normal IVF treatment.
The baby is doing well and another three women are pregnant by the same method, researchers told a medical meeting in Lyon, France, on Monday.
Conventional in vitro fertilization (IVF) involves using high doses of expensive hormone drugs to stimulate the ovaries to produce multiple mature eggs.
But some women seeking to preserve their child-bearing capacity may not have enough time to undergo ovarian stimulation or may have a condition that makes it dangerous, such as hormone-sensitive breast cancer.
For these patients, ripening eggs in the lab - so-called in vitro maturation (IVM) - makes sense. Until now, however, scientists have never frozen, thawed and then fertilized a lab-matured egg. This multi-step process increases significantly the flexibility of fertility treatment.
"We have demonstrated for the first time that it is possible to do this and, so far, we have achieved four successful pregnancies, one of which has resulted in a live birth," Hananel Holzer of the McGill Reproductive Center in Montreal said in a statement.
The research is still at an early stage and has not yet been proven in cancer patients, he told the annual meeting of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE).
WORDS AND PHRASES
breakthrough: n. bước đột phá, bước ngoặt
cancer: n. ung thư
child-bearing capacity: np. khả năng sinh sản
demonstrate: v. trình bày, cho thấy
dose: n. liều lượng
embryology: n. phôi học/ ngành nghiên cứu phôi
fertility treatment: np. điều trị vô sinh
fertilize: v. thụ tinh
flexibility: n. tính linh hoạt
freeze (froze, frozen): v. làm đông lạnh
hormone: n. hoóc môn
IVF (abbr. Conventional in Vitro Fertilization): Thụ tinh nhân tạo thông thường
labolatory (abbr. lab): phòng thí nghiệm
mature: v. làm trưởng thành, làm chín (trứng)
method: n. phương pháp
multiple: det. nhiều, đa
ovaries: trứng (comp. ovary: noãn sào)
pregnant: adj. có thai, mang thai
preserve: v. bảo quản
prove: v. chứng minh
reproductive: adj. thuộc sinh sản
ripen: v. làm chín, ủ chín
sensitive: n. nhạy cảm, mẫn cảm
stimulate: v. kích thích
test-tube: n. ống nghiệm
thaw: v. làm tan giá, tan băng
treatment: n. điều trị
unsuited (to): adj. không phù hợp
Dưới đây là đề thi TOEFL các năm từ 1995 trở lại đây. Mỗi bài thi được tách làm 2 phần: bài thi trên giấy và bài nghe. Mời các bạn download các file nghe tương ứng với các tháng để có kết quả ôn luyện tốt nhất. Chúc các bạn thành công!
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